A Study on Prison Reformation System In India

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K. Niranjana, Prof. Dr. Asha Sundaram


All human beings are born independent, free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act accordingly, living in a high spirit of love and brotherhood. All men are born equal and are endowed with some basic rights. These rights are mainly the right to life and liberty, but if any person doesn't comply with the ethics of the society then that person is deprived of these rights with proper punishment. Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, irrelevant to our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. All are equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination as these rights are fundamental to us. Judiciary in every country has an obligation and a Constitutional role to protect the Human Rights of citizens. As per the mandate of the Constitution of India, this function is assigned to the superior judiciary namely the Supreme Court of India and High courts. In addition to the inmates, there are hundreds of thousands of family members, police personnel, judges, prosecutors, defenders, families of victims, and others who are directly or indirectly involved in the prison system. The major role prisons should play is reformation and making sure that inmates are properly integrated into society. That is possible when more skill development programs are introduced in the jails to enhance their chances of earning. This research paper discusses the study of the prison reformation system in India and to analyze the prison reformation in India.

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